Systems Thinkers,

Cyberneticists, and Dealers in Uncertainty Based Information

Psalm 8

O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory above the heavens. Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field; The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth!

Genesis 11:6

And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.

[ George J. Klir ] Distinguished Professor of Systems Science and Industrial Engineering, Watson School of Engineering and Applied Science (Binghamton University) and editor of the International Journal of General Systems
[ Norbert Wiener ] U.S. mathematician, who established the science of cybernetics, which is concerned with the common factors of control and comm unication in living organisms, automatic machines, and organizations. He attained international renown by formulating some of the most important contributions to mathematics in the 20th century.
[ William Ross Ashby ] British cyberneticist and outstanding pioneer in the study of the organization and control of complex systems He wrote "Design for a Brain" (1952) and an Introduction to Cybernetics (1956).
[ Claude Shannon ] Claude Shannon founded the subject of information theory ( "A Mathematical Theory of Communication," ) and he proposed a linear schematic model of a communications system.
[ Lotfi Zadeh ] The Father of Fuzzy Logic and Director of the Berkeley Initiative in Soft Computing (BISC). Since 1965, Dr. Zadeh has focused on the theory and applications of fuzzy sets, having earlier considered systems theory and decision analysis. Dr. Zadeh is Professor in the Graduate School at the University of California-Berkeley, where he has been since 1959. He has been on the faculties of Columb ia University, the Institute for Advanced Study, MIT, Stanford, and other distinguished research facilities.
[ E. T. Jaynes ] Edwin T. Jaynes was one of the first people to realize that probability theory, as originated by Laplace, is a generalization of Aristotelian logic that reduces to deductive logic in the special case that our hypotheses are either true or false. His Principle of Maximum Entropy states: When one has only partial information about the possible outcomes one should choose the probabilities so as to maximize the uncertainty about the missing information. In other words, the basic rule is: Use all the information on the parameter that you have, but avoid including any information that you do not have. Therefore one should be as uncommitted as possible about missing information.
[ Andrey Kolmogorov ] Andrey Kolmogorov was one of the broadest of this century's mathematicians. He laid the mathematical foundations of probabilit y theory and the algorithmic theory of randomness and made crucial contributions to the foundations of statistical mechanics, stochastic processes, information theory, fluid mechanics, and nonlinear dynamics. All of these areas, and their interrelationships, underlie complex systems, as they are studied today.
[ Ralph V. L. Hartley ] Ralph V.L. Hartley was IRE Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow and 1946 IRE Medal of Honor. Hartley was pioneer in the field of Information Theory. He introduced the concept of ``information'' as random variable and was the first to attempt to define "a measure of information" (1928: "Transmission of Information", in Bell System Tech. Journal, vol. 7, pp. 535-563) Possibly his greatest contribution was the creation of a *new* transform: The Hartley Transform which has many practical applications. Hartley also contributed with more than 70 patents.
[ Richard Daystrom ] Dr. Richard Daystrom developed the original Duotronics computer systems used on Constitution Class vessels. His work on the "m-series" multitronic units incorporating the imprinting of human engrams never reached fruition. The Daystrom Scientific Institute will be dedicated to the development of new computer systems, sentient robots, cybernetics and bionics.
[ Noonien Soong ] Renowned cyberneticist and known as Earth's foremost robotics scientist. Soong disappeared from public sight, traveling under an assumed name to the Omicron Theta system. Soong developed a series of positronic an droids. His greatest successes were the creation of the humanoid androids Data and Lore.